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Ambulance is a special form of medical care designed to save the most serious patients. Who works in it and what are the ambulance standards?
Ambulance for adults

Emergency medical care is necessary for people when their health deteriorates sharply and this creates a real threat to their future life. Also, an indication for calling the team to an adult is various incidents that are accompanied by injuries, burns, bleeding, shock or loss of consciousness.

Among the reasons that force people to seek help from emergency doctors that are not related to injuries, acute cardiovascular accidents (stroke, heart attack), poisoning or infectious diseases accompanied by high fever, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain of unknown origin, high or low blood pressure, loss of consciousness or allergic reactions (urticaria, Quincke’s edema) , etc. Depending on the severity of the patient’s state of health, ambulance specialists decide whether they need to be admitted to the hospital, or whether they can provide assistance on the spot and transfer the asset to the district doctor for tomorrow.

Children’s ambulance

Emergency care for newborn babies

Newborns are considered children during the first 28 days of life. This is the most important period for the baby, during which various life-threatening emergency situations (asphyxia, convulsions, etc.) can happen to him.they are Especially common in children born prematurely, prematurely born, and with congenital malformations.

Emergency care for a newborn child is provided by a special neonatal team, which must include a neonatologist and two nurses (paramedics). The car is equipped with a special device (cuvez), in which it is convenient for them to perform various manipulations (injections, artificial ventilation, etc.). it retains a certain temperature, which is very important for a newborn, there are devices for monitoring the most important parameters of life (pulse, pressure, oxygenation).
First aid for a child older than 1 month

Children’s ambulance for babies of the first year and older is carried out by a pediatric team. If the child’s condition is critical, then a special resuscitation team is sent to him, equipped with everything necessary for emergency measures.

Children’s ambulance is usually needed for babies who have received a variety of injuries or burns, who have a complicated course of respiratory viral diseases (laryngostenosis, bronchial obstruction, febrile convulsions, etc.), an allergic reaction (urticaria, allergic swelling of the face, lips and tongue, or anaphylactic shock), unclear abdominal pain, and others.

Children’s ambulance usually arrives as soon as possible, because such calls have a high category of importance and danger.

What is an emergency medical service?

Sometimes the well-being of a sick person may require the immediate involvement of health workers, otherwise they are in danger. These situations occur in cases of injuries (injuries, burns, dislocations, fractures), bleeding, severe fever, acute cardiovascular accidents, and other conditions when the patient’s health does not allow him to go to the clinic. In order to provide assistance to sick people, there is a special service called emergency medical care. A special car goes to the call home or to the scene of the accident after a phone call from the patient, his family or random passers-by.

An emergency doctor is a specialist who has the skills to quickly understand the causes that caused the patient’s serious condition, and quickly compensate for it with medications, manipulations or procedures. Then he decides to either leave the patient at home under the supervision of a district doctor, or take him to a hospital for further treatment if there are serious reasons for this.

Everyone should know the ambulance phone number, because trouble can happen to any person in any place and time of day.

History of the ambulance service in USA

The emergency medical service is relatively young, although medicine itself is an ancient science. The impetus for its appearance was a very strong fire in the Vienna Opera house. More than 500 people died that day, but many of them could have been saved. Victims were numerous because doctors could not properly organize their work to help them, and many of the people died from injuries sustained as a result of falls and severe burns.

After this incident, a voluntary rescue society was organized, which was the prototype of the modern emergency ambulance. During the first year of its operation, its employees saved the lives of more than 2 thousand sick people. Further, similar services were organized in Berlin, London, Paris, Warsaw, Kiev, Odessa and other cities.

In USA, the ambulance service appeared in the capital at the end of the XIX century. However, given that they were usually privately funded by nobles, their number was very small. Only at the beginning of the XX century, the state Treasury began to pay for the work of this service, which made it possible to significantly expand its volume: specialized teams appeared. One of the first was emergency psychiatric care, which was called to subdue violent people. By the beginning of the great Patriotic war, there were already 9 substations in Leningrad, which employed at least 200 different medical teams.

It is interesting that the structure of the team that provides ambulance services has remained unchanged since the formation of this service. It includes a doctor, a nurse or paramedic, and Junior medical staff (orderlies). In addition, an important role belongs to the driver of an ambulance. aid, because he must quickly deliver a seriously ill or injured person to the hospital.
Emergency care: characteristics and main functions

it is Difficult to imagine a modern world in which there is no such important service as emergency medical care. Every day, its employees save hundreds of thousands of lives.

Emergency care is not just about providing treatment at home or at the scene of an accident. Sometimes they may be necessary for patients who are in a medical facility that does not deal with emergencies (private clinic, dental office, TB dispensary, etc.).

the Main characteristics of emergency medical care:

  • urgent nature,
  • reliability,
  • most teams provide services under the CHI program,
  • efficiency (examination, diagnosis and therapy is carried out in the shortest possible time).

Emergency services perform certain functions:

  • providing emergency medical care to patients and victims is carried out around the clock, including weekends and holidays.
  • Transportation of patients and victims to a round-the-clock hospital in the presence of certain indications.
  • Patients who have turned to specialists directly in the station building should also be examined by an ambulance doctor.

City ambulance: basic forms

City ambulance is a special type of emergency care for city residents. It is represented by various forms that ensure continuity of all stages of this process.

City ambulance combines the following forms:

  • The ambulance station,
  • Emergency Department in hospitals,
  • emergency Hospital,
  • Department of emergency medical care.

All 4 forms are present only in large cities. Employees in their work are guided by certain ambulance standards approved by law, but in the event of various emergency situations, they act impromptu, but primarily in the interests of patients.
The ambulance station

An emergency station is an important medical facility that provides emergency care to sick people both directly in the building and outside it (at home or at the scene of an accident). Depending on the size of the station, it contains different departments in its structure, and the staff can also be diverse.

It is usually headed by a chief medical officer who has deputies overseeing certain industries. The operation of the ambulance station is carried out in normal (normal) mode, or in emergency mode, depending on certain circumstances.

Usually the city ambulance service has the following departments:

Operations division. Provides direct emergency care to sick people, if there are indications, delivers patients to the hospital. A prerequisite for the work of doctors is compliance with the standards of medical care.
Department of hospitalization of acute and somatic patients. Employees transport patients from one medical institution to another, or for consultation with narrow specialists.
Department of hospitalization of patients with acute gynecological pathology and women in labor.
Infectious diseases Department for hospitalization of patients with various infectious diseases.
Department of medical statistics. Conducts statistical processing of the work of all departments that are part of the structure of the city ambulance station.
The Department of communications. Provides various technical aspects of emergency care (telephone communication). It is thanks to him that the ambulance call is received as quickly as possible by the specialized team.
information Desk. All certificates can only be issued upon request from law enforcement agencies or medical professionals.
Other structural divisions. These include accounting, human resources, pharmacy, etc.